At a young age men barely notice their prostate, but when they get older they often cause problems. Then the chestnut-sized organ begins to grow slowly. How big it is and if eventually cancer develops, depends on many factors – on some men have influence. These tips help keep the prostate healthy and let you know about how to reduce the size of your prostate.
At some point, the prostate begins to grow in every man. Most of the organ makes itself noticeable from the age of 50 years. According to the scientific research, about half of the over 60s are affected. An attenuated stream of urine, dribbling and frequent urinary frequency are among the common complaints of benign prostate enlargement, called medically Benign Prostate Syndrome (BPS).
Testosterone causes prostate growth
This prostate disease is caused by age-related changes in the hormone balance. According to the doctors, the sex hormone testosterone and its metabolite dihydrotestosterone are responsible for the growth. It leads to an increased division of the prostate cells and in consequence to an increase in size, which also affects the urethra: It is narrowed and there are problems with urination.
Prostate cancer: most common type of cancer in men
In addition, the risk of prostate cancer increases with age. According to estimates of the RKI, every year about 70,000 men contract a malignant tumour. Thus, prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in Germany. But what can you do for your prostate?
Growth of the prostate cannot be stopped
The benign prostate enlargement cannot be stopped, but the symptoms associated with it, can be alleviated. It is best to visit a urologist right at the first sign. The earlier you visit, the easier it is to prevent subsequent complications such as inflammation, a thickened bladder wall, or incontinence.
With the help of various examinations, the doctor can determine how much the prostate has already enlarged. Depending on this – and on the suffering of the patient – a suitable therapy is sought. Usually, doctors recommend massaging your prostate through sex toys which are available at Love plugs.
A relaxed musculature facilitates urination
Drug treatment is one of the most common therapies. The task of most active ingredients is to relax the pelvic floor muscles to facilitate urination. But there are also drugs that reduce the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. Again and again men report the positive effect of pelvic floor training.
If all else fails, surgery can help the doctor remove the excess tissue. Advantages and disadvantages of each treatment should be discussed with your doctor. If you are uncertain, you should get a second opinion.
The right diet for a healthy prostate
A balanced diet with reduced meat consumption helps keep the prostate gland healthy. The following nutrients are particularly important:
Fiber: Access to whole grains, legumes, vegetables and fruits (cabbage, fennel, potatoes) and dried fruit.
Phytoestrogens: The vegetable hormones are abundant in carrots, tomatoes, lemons, garlic in onions.
Certain phytochemicals: These include, for example, the lycopene contained in tomatoes, corotinoids (carrots) and flavonoids (soft fruit, aubergines, soya).
Unsaturated fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids: They are abundant in salmon, sardines and trout.
The reason why plant estrogens are good for the prostate is easily explained: The reason for the increase in size of the prostate gland is the male sex hormone testosterone and its metabolite dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Phytoestrogens could slow down this transformation gently and thus prevent or at least slow down a benign prostate enlargement. In addition, experts suspect that some phytoestrogens reduce the growth of cancer cells. Therefore, it makes sense that appropriate foods are more frequently on the menu.
Pumpkin seeds, on the other hand, which are praised in many places as a panacea for prostate problems, have no positive effect on the health of the prostate gland from a scientific perspective. At least studies have so far been unable to prove any connections. The same applies to complex remedies with stinging nettle, saw palm oil (sabale extract) or vitamin B6.
Do not drink too much in the evening
It should be around 1.5 litres per day, but preferably not more. Before going to bed, it is better to leave the cup of tea away, advice the experts. Dehydrating drinks with caffeine or alcohol should drink affected persons only in moderation anyway. However, some studies suggest that occasional, moderate consumption of red wine may protect the prostate from disease.
Normal weight and exercise lower prostate cancer risk
On the main risk factors for prostate cancer, the age as well as genetic factors, men cannot interact. Interventions in the hormonal balance pose risks and the effect is controversial among experts. What can be influenced, however, is the lifestyle.
As the Cancer Information Service reports, studies indicate that obesity increases the risk of disease. The experts therefore advise to move a lot and to pay attention to a normal weight. It is the combination of both factors that helps to keep the prostate healthy.
Physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyle
The prostate depends on a healthy blood supply to get fresh blood and oxygen into the region. A little active lifestyle leads to a congestion and stagnation in the prostate. Therefore, those men have a greater risk of suffering from prostate hyperplasia, which is spending most of the day sitting in the office or in the car. Also passionate cyclists are exposed to increased pressure on the groin, which increases the risk of benign prostate enlargement in old age.
Stay away from cigarettes and alcohol
Smoking and alcohol consumption are better avoided: smoking increases the risk of contracting prostate cancer. And also alcohol consumption and prostate cancer are obviously linked to each other, as said by the doctors of cancer research centre.
The Cancer Aid also warns against animal fats such as sausage and red meat. These should only be consumed in moderation. It would be better to rely on a diet rich in fruits and vegetables. This not only benefits the prostate but also overall health.
Precaution: detect diseases early
However, a healthy lifestyle alone does not provide safe protection against cancer or other prostate problems. In order to detect changes in the prostate at an early stage, men should be aware of early detection examinations, such as palpation. It is recommended from the age of 45 and taken over by the statutory health insurance.
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